Professor and Rector at the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences
Con to the question "Should Performance Enhancing Drugs (Such as Steroids) Be Accepted in Sports?"
"The fact that not all rule violators are caught, or that there are banned substances that are hard to trace, should not surprise anyone. Critics of the ban seem to demand perfect procedural justice. But here, as in most other human practices, perfect procedural justice is an impossible ideal... Imperfect realization of rules in practice is no decisive argument against these rules, and can just as well be used to justify far stricter and better rule enforcement...
My argument is that in a situation in which all competitors use drugs, something is lost. We would reach... a 'negative equilibrium,' in which all parties are worse off."
Experts Individuals with MDs, JDs, PhDs, or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to performance enhancing drugs and sports. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to performance enhancing drugs and sports.
Involvement and Affiliations:
Rector, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences (NSSS), 2005-present
Treasurer, European College of Sport Science, 2005-present
Appointed member, Ethical Review Board, World Anti-doping Agency (WADA), 2004-present
Appointed member, Scientific Committee, European College of Sport Science, 2004-present
Elected International Fellow, American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education (AAKPE), 2004-present
Supervising Professor, International Olympic Academy (Olympia, Greece), 2001-present
Professor, Sport Philosophy, NSSS, 1995-present
Leader, Section for Sport, Culture and Society, NSSS, 2004-2005
Leader, Research Unit on Sport, Culture and Society, NSSS, 2001-20004
President, International Association for Sport Philosophy, 2002-2003
Head of Department of Social Sciences, NSSS, 1996-1999
Member-at-Large, International Association for Sport Philosophy, 1995-1997
Associate Professor, Sport Philosophy, 1994-1995
Post-doctoral Research Fellow, sport philosophy, Norwegian Research Council, 1991-1994
Associate Professor, Alpine Skiing, NSSS, 1990-1991
PhD, Sport Science, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences (NSSS), 1990
MS, Sport Science, NSSS, 1986
Degreen unknown, Nordic Language and Literature, History of Ideas, and Philosophy and Ethics, University of Oslo, 1986
Degree unknown, Sport Sciences, NSSS, 1981
Degreen unknown, Pedagogy and Teaching, Stavanger College, 1979
Postgraduate studies in sport science at Penn State University, 1986-1987