Heritage Senior Scholar of Rehabilitation Medicine at University of Alberta
Con to the question "Should Performance Enhancing Drugs (Such as Steroids) Be Accepted in Sports?"
"The creativity of athletes and their advisors is amazing when it comes to not getting caught... The athletes have advisors who know how to use these substances and avoid detection. The athletes have supporters who get them the latest drugs before they are even on the market... Unfortunately, dopers put a shadow on super-talented, hard-training athletes who don’t dope."
"'Almost Impossible' to Catch Cheating Athletes," Express News, Aug. 27, 2004
Experts Individuals with MDs, JDs, PhDs, or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to performance enhancing drugs and sports. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to performance enhancing drugs and sports.
Involvement and Affiliations:
Heritage Senior Scholar, Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, 1996-present
Professor, Sports Medicine, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland, 1989-present
Awarded, "Achievements in Musculoskeletal Research," Finnish Rheumatology League, 1996
Recipient, "Volvo Award in Clinical Sciences," International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine, 1990, 1991, 1994, 1995 and 1998
Recipient, "Camp Scandinavia Award," Finnish Spine Research Society, 1991, 1994 and 1995
Responsible for performing or controlling doping tests at World Ski Championships at Lahti, Finland, 1989 and at Val di Fiemme, Italy 1991, at the Winter Olympics in Lillehammer, Norway, 1994 and at the World Ski Championships at Trondheim, Norway, 1997
Member, International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine
Member, Orthopaedic Research Society
Member, American College of Sports Medicine
Member, Medical Committee of the International Ski Association
DMedSci (Doctorate in Medical Science), University of Helsinki, 1970
Cowritten with Battie, M.C., Gibbons, L.E., Maravilla, K., Manninen, H., and Kaptrio, J., "Associations Between Back Pain History and Lumbar MRI Findings," Spine, 2003
Cowritten with Battie, M.C., Gibbons, L.E., Manninen, H., Gill, K., Pope, M., and Kaprio, J., "Occupational Driving and Lumbar Disk Degeneration," The Lancet, 2002
Cowritten with Gibbons LE, Battié MC, Maravilla K, Vanninen E, Leppävuori J, Kaprio J, and Peltonen L, "The Relative Roles of Intragenic Polymorphisms of the Vitamin D Receptor Gene in Lumbar Spine Degeneration and Bone Density," Spine, 2001