What Are Stimulants?
General Reference (not clearly pro or con)
The Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) stated in a Jan. 22, 2008 article titled “Substances: Stimulants,” posted on its website:
“Stimulants are substances that act directly on the central nervous system to speed up parts of the brain and body. Adrenaline is an example of a naturally occurring stimulant in the body.
Some athletes may use stimulants in an attempt to increase alertness, reduce tiredness, and increase their competitiveness and aggressiveness.
Examples of stimulants are amphetamines, cocaine, ephedrine, and mesocarb.”Jan. 22, 2008 - Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA)
The Mayo Clinic wrote in a Dec. 26, 2006 article posted on its website, titled “Taking Performance-enhancing Drugs: Are You Risking Your Health?”:
“Stimulants are drugs that can reduce fatigue, suppress appetite, and increase alertness and aggressiveness. They stimulate the central nervous system, increasing your heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature and metabolism.
The most common stimulants include caffeine and amphetamines (Dexedrine, Benzedrine). Cold remedies often contain the stimulants ephedrine, pseudoephedrine hydrochloride (Sudafed) and phenylpropanolamine. Street drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamine also belong to this group.”Dec. 26, 2006 - Mayo Clinic
The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) stated in an article titled “Research Report Series – Prescription Drugs: Abuse and Addiction” posted on its website (accessed Oct. 13, 2008):
“As the name suggests, stimulants increase alertness, attention, and energy, as well as elevate blood pressure and increase heart rate and respiration. Stimulants historically were used to treat asthma and other respiratory problems, obesity, neurological disorders, and a variety of other ailments.”Oct. 13, 2008 - National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)