Chair and Professor at the Health and Exercise Science Department of the The College of New Jersey (TCNJ)
Not Clearly Pro or Con to the question "Should Performance Enhancing Drugs (Such as Steroids) Be Accepted in Sports?"
"Athletes are going to use sports supplements in order to maximize performance. It's been around since the ancient Olympic games. To think you can get them to not use it is not good -- it's not reality. What you need to do is educate the athletes of what products they can take. Because they're going to look for something to enhance their recovery, to enhance power and strength, to get themselves ready for a game. It's a long season -- a 162-game [baseball] season -- with very little rest. There are no longer double headers and built in off days. They have 16 off days in a six-month period. Think about yourself if that's all you had for six months -- if you could perform at the same level every day...
I've been there. I faced the same decisions these athletes have. I've used everything they used or want to use. And once my career ended, I spent my professional career as a scientist, examining that...
I did it [steroids] with a physician. I had constant blood and liver function tests. I did it with someone who cared about me as a patient, making sure it was done the right way...I did it in specific time frames, that would maximize my ability as an athlete [who] used it for a specific purpose: to be a better football player. And people have to understand there is a difference between a strength power athlete that uses it to get ready for a season versus a body builder that uses it on a consistent basis. Most individuals who use it, use it in a cyclic fashion and stacking several different drugs for certain period of time, and then come off it. There are side effects that are associated with that and the side effects are greater with the amount of anabolic steroid being used. But it's transient. And unless there's an underlying disease -- and that's why it's important to go with a physician -- unless there's an underlying disease, the risks associated with it are not as great as people make it out to be. But for those individuals who never come off a cycle, the risks are very real. Many of the athletes who have died, are generally those body builders or wrestlers who never come off it."
"Sports Talk: Off the Field with Dr. Jay Hoffman," www.expressnightout.com, Apr. 15, 2008
Experts Individuals with MDs, JDs, PhDs, or other relevant advanced degrees, heads of professional sports leagues, and US Congress members with significant involvement in, or related to, performance enhancing drugs and sports. [Note: Experts definition varies by site.]
Involvement and Affiliations:
Chair, Professor, Health and Exercise Science Department, The College of New Jersey (TCNJ), 2000-present
Sports Science Advisor to Major League Baseball Strength Coaches
Associate Editor, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Member, American Physiological Society
Named Outstanding Sport Scientist of the Year, National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA), 2007
Recipient, Outstanding Kinesiological Professional Award, Neag School of Education Alumni Society, University of Connecticut, 2005
Recipient, Outstanding Alumni Research Award, Neag School of Education, University of Connecticut, 2003
Named Educator of the Year, NSCA, 2003
Recipient, Editorial Excellence Award, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2001
Cowritten with Avery D. Faigenbaum, EdD, Nicholas A. Ratamess, PhD, Ryan Ross, Jie Kang, PhD, Gershon Tenenbaum, PhD, "Nutritional Supplementation and Anabolic Steroid Use in Adolescents," Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, Jan. 2008
Norms for Fitness, Performance, and Health, 2006
Cowritten with Im Joohee, MS, Jie Kang, PhD, Nicholas A. Ratamess, PhD, Shoko Nioka, MD, PhD, Kenneth W. Rundell, PhD, Ryotaro Kime, PhD, Joshua Cooper, MS, and Britton Chance, PhD, "The Effect of a Competitive Collegiate Football Season on Power Performance and Muscle Oxygen Recovery Kinetics," Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Aug. 2005
Cowritten with Jie Kang, PhD, Nicholas A. Ratamess, PhD, and Avery D. Faigenbaum, EdD, "Biochemical and Hormonal Responses During an Intercollegiate Football Season," Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, July 2005
Cowritten with Nicholas A. Ratamess, PhD, Joshua Cooper, MS, Jie Kang, PhD, Aristomen Chilakos, PhD, and Avery D. Faigenbaum, EdD, "Effect of Low-Dose, Short-Duration Creatine Supplementation on Anaerobic Exercise Performance," Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, May 2005
Cowritten with Jie Kang, PhD, Im Joohee, MS, Barry A. Spiering, PhD, Nicholas A. Ratamess, PhD, Kenneth W. Rundell, PhD, Shoko Nioka, MD, PhD, Joshua Cooper, MS, and Britton Chance, PhD, "Evaluation of Physiological Responses During Recovery Following Three Resistance Exercise Programs," Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, May 2005
Cowritten with Jie Kang, PhD, Edward C. Chaloupka, PhD, M. Alysia Mastrangelo, PhD, Nicholas A. Ratamess, PhD, and Elizabeth O'Connor, "Metabolic and Perceptual Responses during Spinning(R) Cycle Exercise," Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, May 2005
Cowritten with Dario G. Liebermann, PhD, "Timing of Preparatory Landing Responses As a Function of Availability of Optic Flow Information," Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, Feb. 2005
"Endocrinology of Sport Competition," The Endocrinology of Physical Exercise and Sport, Eds. William J. Kraemer, PhD, and Alan D. Rogol, 2005