Head of the School of Social and Health Sciences at the University of Abertay Dundee
Con to the question "Should Performance Enhancing Drugs (Such as Steroids) Be Accepted in Sports?"
"If we paternalistically deprive someone of a freedom (to use performance-enhancing substances), we need to justify this violation of autonomy by balancing the evil we hope to prevent against the loss of freedom we are advocating. In performing the sort of 'moral accounting' described here, it is my contention that prohibition on the grounds of indirect harm to others (through coercion) is justified."
"Drugs in Sports: Justifying Paternalism on the Grounds of Harm," American Journal of Sports Medicine, Nov./Dec. 1996
Experts Individuals with MDs, JDs, PhDs, or other relevant advanced degrees, heads of professional sports leagues, and US Congress members with significant involvement in, or related to, performance enhancing drugs and sports. [Note: Experts definition varies by site.]
Involvement and Affiliations:
Head, School of Social and Health Sciences, University of Abertay Dundee, 2005-present
Professor, Sport and Exercise Science, University of Abertay Dundee, 2005-present
Head of Sport Sciences, Northumbria University, 2000-2005
Member, British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences Accreditation and Fellowship committee (BASES)
Senior Lecturer, Department of Human Movement Science, University of Zululand